University of Phoenix Material
Arousal, Behavior, Stress, and Affect Worksheet
Using the text for this course, the University Library, the Internet, and/or other resources answer the following questions. Your response to each question should be at least 250 words in length.
1. What are the differences between physiological and psychological needs? Provide examples of each in your response. Physiological needs affect the body. Physiological needs are in the brain and body. Psychological needs have not material existence and are mental in nature. Physiological needs are maintenance of condition within the body. Psychological needs affect the mind. Psychological needs are air, food, water, shelter, sanitation, sleep and touch. Psychological needs are also autonomy, competence, and relatedness. Psychological needs have no material existence and are mental in nature. Physiological would when a person is thirsty they would get a drink. If the person is thirsty and decides to not drink the water then this need becomes psychological. “Marlow’s hierarchy of needs postulates that the needs of a person are organized into an ascending structure, going from the lower physiological needs to the needs of safety, belongingness, esteem, and self-actualization,” (Deckers, 2005). The lower needs have to be addressed before the higher needs can be attended to. Psychological needs include the balance of food intake, water consumption, sleep, activities, and sexual needs.
An example of the physiological counterpart to psychological need is the hypothesized hypothalamic control of sensations of hunger and satiety. The research entailing lesions in rates the hypothalamus controls the sensations of hunger and satiety through exercising control of adipose tissues deposited in the body. 2. What is the relationship between arousal and behavior? Does this relationship impact performance and affect? Arousal is the energy that develops in preparation of our...
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