Apush Unit 5 Review

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Unit V Test Review

1. Insular cases-1901 Supreme Court
o flag outrun Constitution-acquired territories of Puerto Rico and Philippines were subject to American rule, but were not given full rights of American citizens

2. Pure Food and Drug Act-designed to prevent adulteration and mislabeling of foods and pharmaceuticals o Upton Sinclair published The Jungle-appalled the public w/ descriptions of disgusting food processing plants (Chicago slaughterhouse) o TR passed Meat Inspection Act of 1906-decreed that preparation of meat shipped over state lines would be subject to federal inspections

3. Progressive Constitutional Amendments-
o 16th-Congress can levy an income tax
o 17th-popular elections of Senator; brought on my exposure of intimacy b/w greedy corporations and Congress o 18th-selling, manufacturing, transporting alcohol prohibited (never said drinking and possessing were illegal); accompanied by Volstead Act to enforce; repealed by 21st o 19th-women given right to vote

o 22nd-limit on presidential terms

4. Magazines that Published Muckrakers’ (tried to expose abuses of businesses, corruption in politics) articles- o McClure’s, Cosmopolitan, Collier’s, Everybody’s

5. Groups the Progressives Borrowed From-
o Greenback Labor party of 1870s
o Populists of 1890s
o Henry Lloyd-attacked Standard Oil Company-Wealth Against Commonwealth o Thorstein Veblen-Theory of the Leisure Class
o Socialists
o Social gospel-progressivism based on Christian teachings

6. Albert Beveridge’s views on Imperialism-
o defended annexation of Philippines (imperialism a good thing) o The Philippines are ours forever.... And just beyond the Philippines are China’s illimitable (limitless) markets. We will not retreat from either. We will not repudiate our duty in the archipelago. We will not abandon our opportunity in the Orient. We will not renounce our part in the mission of our race, trustee under God, of the civilization of the world.

7. Leaders of the Women’s Suffrage during the second decade of the 20th Century- o Carrie Chapman Catt-National American Woman Suffrage Association o Alice Paul-National Women’s Party
o Ann Howard Shaw-president NAWSA
o Jane Addams-Hull House

8. Elkins and Hepburn Act-restraining the railroads
o Elkins-aimed at rebate evil, heavy fines could now be imposed both on railroads that gave rebates and on shippers that accepted them o Hepburn-free passes w/ hint of bribery were restricted; once-infantile Interstate Commerce Commission was expanded and its reach extended to include express companies, sleeping-car companies, pipelines ▪ commission given real teeth; nullify existing rates and stipulate maximum rates

9. Mann-Elkins Act of 1910-
o extended authority of Interstate Commerce Commission to include communications (regulation of telephone, telegraph, cable companies) o made long-short haul clause of original act more effective (strengthened government regulation of rr) o supported by President William Taft

10. African American Organizations-
o WWII caused massive change in demographics in US-blacks moved north and found employment in war services o National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) o Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)-militant organization o Martin Luther Jr. formed Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)-aimed to mobilize vast power of black churches on behalf of black rights o Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)

o Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA)

11. Anti-Imperialist League and their beliefs-
o sprang into existence to fight McKinley and his expansionism o influential ppl-presidents of Stanford and Harvard Universities, William James, Mark Twain, Samuel Gompers, Andrew Carnegie...
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