Apush Unit 5

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What was the compromise of 1850?

The Compromise of 1850 was a series of five bills that were intended to stave off sectional strife. Its goal was to deal with the spread of slavery to territories in order to keep northern and southern interests in balance.

What was the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850?

The passage of this Act along with slaveholding rights in Texas allowed California to enter the union as a free state and prohibited the slave trade in the District of Columbia.

a.What was the California Gold Rush?
(1848-1859). The Gold Rush was one of the most significant events in California history. It brought people from all over the United States and the world in search for gold.

b. Who discovered the Gold?
.1848-James Marshall discovers gold at Sutter's sawmill

c. When did it start to attract people?
1849-Gold Rush starts to attract people from around the world

d. When did California become a state?
1850-California becomes a state

e. When and why did the Gold Rush end?
.1859-Discovery of silver in Nevada ends the California Gold Rush

Who was Charles Pickney?
He was a politician who signed the U.S. Constitution

Who was John Taylor?
He took a stance against the extension of slavery along with people such as John Quincy Adams.

Who was Mathew Perry?
A commodore sent by President Fillmore to Japan, he succeeded in getting Japan to sigh the Treaty of Kanugawa.

What was the Election of 1852?
Pierce won the presidency against Scott and Hale. It marked the end of the Whig Party.

What was the Significance of Uncle Tom's Cabin?
Written by Harriet Beecher Stowe, it helped gain widespread support for the abolitionist cause. It was one of the causes of the civil war, gaining millions of anti-slavery sympathizers worldwide.

Who was John C. Calhoun?
A senator who championed for the south, he believed the issue of slavery would divide the nation and rejected Clay's proposed concessions. He wanted the north to leave slavery alone, return runaway slaves, and restore the political balance between the north and south.

What was the Kansas-Nebraska Act?
The act was made by Stephen Douglass, it split Nebraska into two territories, Nebraska and Kansas. The status of slavery would now be settle by popular sovereignty. Contradictory to earlier Acts.

What was Biblical Defense?
The southern defense of slavery by saying that the bible allowed it. Southerners believed that Blacks were the descendants of Canaan, who were cursed to be slaves for all eternity. Therefore, it was supposedly the divine decree of God that gave the black people the liability of being enslaved by white people and justified the degradation of the entire race

What was the Mud-Sill Theory?
Mudsill theory is a sociological theory which proposes that there must be, and always has been, a lower class for the upper classes to rest upon. The inference being a mudsill, the lowest threshold that supports the foundation for a building.

Who was George Fitzhugh?
George Fitzhugh was a Virginia lawyer and the author of two books (Sociology for the South and Cannibals All!) and numerous articles advocating slavery.

Who was Stephen Douglas?
American politician, leader of the Democratic Party, and orator who espoused the cause of popular sovereignty in relation to the issue of slavery in the territories before the American Civil War (1861–65).

What was the Know-nothing party?
U.S. political party that flourished in the 1850s. The Know-Nothing party was an outgrowth of the strong anti-immigrant and especially anti-Roman Catholic sentiment that started to manifest itself during the 1840s.

Who were the Free-soilers?
(1848–54), minor but influential political party in the pre-Civil War period of American history that opposed the extension of slavery into the western territories.

What is the Ostend Manifesto?
communication from three U.S. diplomats to Secretary of State William L. Marcy, advocating U.S. seizure of...
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