Apush Study Guide for Ch. 31

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1. George Creel: The Committee on Public Information was created to rally public support of war. It was headed by George Creel. His job was to sell America on the war and sell the world on Wilsonian war aims. The Creel organization employed thousands of workers around the world to spread war propaganda. The entire nation was as a result swept into war fever. 2. Eugene V. Debs: The Espionage Act of 1917 and the Sedition Act of 1918 reflected fears about Germans and antiwar Americans. Kingpin Socialist Eugene V. Debs was convicted under the Espionage Act and sentenced to jail for ten years. 3. Bernard Baruch: In 1918, Wilson appointed Bernard Baruch to head the War Industries Board in order to impose some order on the economic confusion. The Board never really had much control and was disbanded after the end of the war. Showed American preference for laissez-faire and a weak central government. 4. Herbert Hoover: Herbert C. Hoover led the Food Administration. Hoover rejected issuing ration cards and, to save food for export, he proclaimed wheatless Wednesdays and meatless Tuesdays, all on a voluntary basis. The money-saving tactics of Hoover and other agencies such as the Fuel Administration and Treasury Department yielded about $21 billion towards the war fund. 5. John J. Pershing: The Americans, dissatisfied with simply bolstering the French and British, demanded a separate army; General John J. Pershing was assigned a front of 85 miles. Pershing's army undertook the Meuse-Argonne offensive from September 26 to November 11, 1918. One objective was to cut the German railroad lines feeding the western front. Inadequate training left 10% of the Americans involved in the battle injured or killed. As German supplies ran low and as their allies began to desert them, defeat was in sight for Germany. 6. Alice Paul: The National Woman's party, led by Alice Paul, protested the war. Many progressive-era feminists were pacifists and opposed participation of women...
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