Ch 6 Terms
Alexander Hamilton’s Political beliefs
Was unhappy with the Articles of Confederation and the weak government and sought to overhaul the entire document.
Led to a convention in Annapolis in which only five states sent delegates. But later influenced the convention in Philadelphia. Founding Fathers to the constitution
Representatives from all states except Rhode Island met in Philadelphia to discuss concentrated power.
Madison’s Virginia Plan
National legislature consisting of two houses; representation in proportion to the population of state in lower house. Upper house elected by lower house
Patterson’s New Jersey Plan
One-house legislature where all states are equal however the congress has power to tax
The Great Compromise
Created on July 2, a single delegate from each state met to discuss disagreements.
Solved the problem of representation in the states with the three-fifths compromise. Three fifths compromise
Representation for slaves in the lower house on the basis of population, slaves counted as 3/5 a citizen. States are represented with two members in the upper house.
Broke the deadlock of the congress in the subject of representation of the states in the legislature. Madison- sovereignty
Believed that power came ultimately from the people. Constitution created a supreme law that no state could defy.
Madison- concentrated authority
Due to a fear of a tyrannical government, the government was to be made close to the people.
Separation of Powers
The division of authority into judicial, legislative and executive to balance out the power that they may check each other.
Essays created by John Jay, James Madison, Alexander Hamilton to defend the constitution, was made into a book.
Without a strong defense, the anti-federalists would tear down the purposes of the constitution especially in New York. Anti-federalists
Opposed the constitution for the reason of it betraying the principles of the revolution. Believed...
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