Conquest by the Cradle
Know: Thirteen Original Colonies
1.What was the significance of the tremendous growth of population in Britain's North American colonies? Britain had an advantage over America with their population in 1700. If Americans wanted to revolt, Britain would outnumber them 25 to 1. However, in 1775, with the population increase (and continuing to increase), Britain’s advantage was weakening. There were now only 3 Europeans for each American. This essentially meant that Britain was losing power over America. More Americans = more American power.
A Mingling of Races
Know:Pennsylvania Dutch, Scots-Irish, Paxton Boys, Regulator Movement 2.What was the significance of large numbers of immigrants from places other than England? The large numbers of immigrants made the “American man”. Because of the many immigrants from places OUTSIDE of England, America became intermixed with several different ethnicities and backgrounds, making America so culturally-diverse. Through generations, these ethnicities made the American race – a race of so many other races combined to make one.
The Structure of Colonial Society
Know: Social Mobility
3.Assess the degree of social mobility in the colonies.
17th century – high degree of social mobility. No classes, no one really had the “upper hand”. Colonial Americans were able to go from “rags to riches” with somewhat of an ease. 18th century – lots of social classes/stratification, hardly any social mobility. There was a top of the “social ladder” and there was a bottom – not much in-between.
Makers of America: The Scots-Irish
Know: The Session
4.How had the history of the Scots-Irish affected their characteristics? In their history, they distanced themselves from the Anglican church. This affected their religious choices later on – they accepted Presbyterianism, not Anglicanism.
Clerics, Physicians, and Jurists
Know: Smallpox, Diphtheria
5.Why has the relative prestige of the professions changed from colonial times to today? Because of modern religious freedom. During colonial times, Christian ministry was held as a most honorable profession. Today, how would an Atheist feel about that? A Muslim? America today has so many different religions, different practices – and some even have no faith at all. Because of this, religious professions just cannot be a “prestigious profession” because there are too many different outlooks ON religion. Doctors today have to go through intensive education (YEARS & YEARS) whereas doctors back then had minimum training, hardly anything.
Know: Triangular Trade, Naval Stores, Molasses Act
6.Describe some of the more important occupations in the colonies. Fishing (exported fish to Catholic countries of Europe, stimulated shipbuilding), farming (agriculture – planting staple crops), being involved in the triangular trade (skipper – would leave New England with materials and head to Africa, trade the materials for slaves, trade the slaves with the West Indies for goods, then bring the goods back to New England).
Horsepower and Sailpower
7.What was it like to travel in early America?
Not easy. Roads were too dusty in the winter and too muddy in the summer. Trees were obstacles, runaway horses were rampant, and dangerous bridges were the only bridges.
Know: Established Church, Anglicans, Congregationalists, Presbyterians 8.How did the denominations in America affect relations with Great Britain? They helped people begin to think on their own and influenced thoughts of rebellion against Britain. Britain didn’t have denominations – they had Anglicanism, period. Congregationalism and Presbyterianism were two huge factors in the relations between Britain and America. They were the two that began to rebel first (the leaders in the beginning of a rebellion).
The Great Awakening