NAACP- African American civil rights organization, equality of rights of all persons, eliminate discrimination
Gunner Myrdal- Swedish scholar who wrote The American Dilemma, talked about the contradiction between racism and democracy
Thurgood Marshall- NAACP’s leading attorney, changed legal decisions, behind the scenes
Brown v. Topeka- social jurisprudence, overturned Plessy v. Ferguson, said US had to desegregate schools
Earl Warren- liberal Republican, appointed as chief justice to remove competition
Rosa Parks- Montgomery bus boycott
MLKJ- minister of Baptist Church, pacifist, non-violent, set example of moral courage and civil rights
Litter Rock- refused to integrate schools, Eisenhower sends in federal troops against the mob of whites
SCLC- Southern Christian Leadership Conference, basically like Martin Luther’s group except with violence
CORE-Congress of Racial Equality, more willing to force confrontations, James Farmer and “freedom riders” went on a bus trip to the South to riot
SNCC- Student non-violent Coordinating Committee, younger generation of blacks growing impatient
James Meredith- black applicant to segregated U of Mississippi
Letters from a Birmingham Jail- MLK’s non-violent breaking of the law, fill up jails
Malcolm X- separatist, black Muslim who emphasized black community, do whatever to gain civil rights
Civil Rights Act of 1964-barred discrimination in public, outlawed discrimination by race, religion, sex, and origin
Voting Rights Act of 1965- did away with the grandfather clause, literacy test, etc.
Black Panthers- used violence as a tool
Black Power- defiant symbol of gloved fist lifted high in air, recover the African American culture, “black and beautiful”
LBJ- vice president of JFK, kind of a really cocky douche, knew how to manipulate, supported the underdogs, and obviously from Texas
Great Society- what LBJ wanted in America, social reforms set to eliminate poverty and racial injustice, reform capitalism, active government, intellectual experts
Michael Harrington- The Other America, persistence of poverty
Economic Opportunity Act-address every major part of poverty, Job Corps- loaned money to rural families and small businesses
VISTA- Volunteers in Service to America, basically domestic Peace Corps
Barry Goldwater- ran against LBJ, loses by a landslide, anti-commie and an extremist,
George Wallace- the other candidate, probably could’ve won, but dropped out of race
Medicare- provided elderly with health insurance,
Medicaid- see above, except with poor
HUD- Housing and Urban Development, Robert Weaver said to subsidize rent for poor and unstable households
Immigration Act of 1965- does away with National Origins Act, helped immigrant families to unite, Congress feared a huge influx of Mexicans
Gideon v. Wainright- said all citizens have right to legal council
Miranda v. Arizona- have to have your rights read to you (i.e. right to remain silent, to an attorney, go watch CSI or something)
Engle v. Vitale- schools cannot force students to pray, stupidest thing ever.
Griswold v. Connecticut- right to privacy, so Nate can’t stalk people
Baker v. Carr- one person one vote
Tom Hayden- activist in animal, anti-war, civil rights
SDS- students for democratic society, “participatory democracy”, more active and confrontational
Port Huron Statement- where the SDS gave their manifesto, caused an increase in political and culture conflict
Counterculture- experimentation with sex and drugs and all that good stuff, wanted a “perfect society”, rejected materialism and shallowness, go look at Mr. Richard’s yearbook photo again and you got it.
Beatles- basically the Justin Bieber’s of the time, really appealed to the middle class kids whose lives didn’t really suck but still sucked.
Bob Dylan- extremely stoned most of the time, really sucked at singing, “don’t worry, be happy!” (and smoke some weed) yeaaah!