Chapter 20: Political Realignments 1890-1900
Compare & contrast the democratic & republican parties in terms of supporters & policies: The republicans took up 16 Northerns states and the democrats took up 14 southern states. However, Elections were always close because support for either party was close. States that are on the fence were the ones that determined the winning party are called “swing states.” During the civil war, the democrats offered state’s rights party, decentralization, and limited government, winning the vote and gaining control over the White House. The Republicans were based on reconstruction and fought for civil rights, a national government, and wanted high tariffs. After the civil war, the Democratic party and the Republican party separated into their own separate sides. The Republicans were popular in the North/North-East because they offered high tariffs, which was pro-business. Also, since Republicans were for Reconstruction, the Southerners were not supportive of them.
Explain why the presidency was weak & the congress inefficient: The controversy of 1876 election, Grant Administrations’ scandal, and Johnson’s impeachment weakened the presidency. The election of 1876 is what really made everything worse, weakening the power of the President more than it ever has because by the end of the election, a president hadn’t been decided. This problem had to be resolved with the Compromise of 1876. Thankfully, William McKinley and Rutherford B. Hayes worked to strengthen the president’s power. Congress became the most powerful source of power, but they weren’t able to get anything done because its population was so evenly split between Republicans and Democrats. Since no party is dominant over the house, senate, and the White House, parties are inefficient because they can’t agree on anything.
What led to a movement for civil service reform & what was the Pendelton Civil Service Act? Civil Service is when someone is working for the...
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