1920: the Republican candidate, Warren Harding, obscure senator, defeated the Democratic candidate, Ohio Governor James Cox, the Socialist Party candidate, Eugene Debs. Republicans opposed U.S. admission to the League of Nations. Republicans received 61% of the pop vote. Calvin Coolidge completed President Harding’s term and was then elected for a second term. Boston police strike gained him popularity. 1924: Calvin Coolidge, Republican, and a Wall Street lawyer, John Davis, a Democrat and former ambassador to Great Britain. Robert LaFollette ran on the Progressive ticket. Farmers and labor leaders had formed this third party, expressing discontent with the established parties. Progressives called for nationalization of the railroads, public ownership of utilities, direct election of the president, and the right of Congress to overrule Supreme Court decisions. Coolidge won easily. 1928: Republican, Secretary of Commerce Herbert Hoover, defeated the Democratic candidate, Governor of New York Alfred Smith, the first Catholic candidate to run for president, and the Socialist candidate, Norman Thomas. Prohibition was a major campaign issue; Republicans supported it, the Democrats opposed it. Hoover received 58% pop vote. 1932: Republican Herbert Hoover against Democrat Franklin D. Roosevelt, who had been a New York State legislator, assistant secretary of the navy under Wilson, a vice-presidential candidate in 1920, and a two-term governor of New York. Roosevelt was more energetic, imaginative, and charismatic than Hoover and promised the American people a new deal. He portrayed the Great Depression as a domestic (and Republican) problem, while Hoover insisted that it was international in origin. Roosevelt received 57% of the pop vote. The New Deal=
Relief: provide immediate help to the poor and unemployed.
Recovery: bring business back from the depths of bankruptcy. Reform: introduce into the economic system long-range changes that would prevent...
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