Ap World History Units 1-3 Study Guide

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Unit One
1. Consequences of the Neolithic Revolution didn’t include * End of hunting-gathering societies
2. Most scholars believe that, during the Paleolithic Age, social organization was characterized by * A rough social equality
3. The earliest metal worked systemically by humans are
* Copper
4. The spread of the Bantu-speaking peoples over southern Africa can be best explained by their * Knowledge of agriculture
5. Characteristics of complex civilizations
* Specialization of labor
* Trade and cultural diffusion
* Written languages
* Complex political order and power
6. Evidence proves that the Mesopotamians
* Traded extensively with peoples as far away as Anatolia, Egypt, & India 7. Major effect of Neolithic Revolution
* The establishment of sedentary village communities
8. Conditions for women in Mesopotamia
* Grew increasingly worse over time
9. The division of the ancient people into social and gender hierarchies was first made possible by * Rise in agricultural production
10. Ethical monotheism was the tradition of the
* Hebrews
11. Hammurabi’s code was based on the concept of “lex talionis” but the punishments were shaped by * The social standing of the accused
12. The Hittites who were the most influential ancient Indo-European migrants into southwest Asia are credited for * Horse-drawn chariots
* Metallurgy
* Migrating from southern Russia
* Defeating the Babylonians
13. The society who began the custom of embalming to preserve the body for its life after death * Egypt
14. Which metal was most important in transforming agricultural societies into large urban civilizations? * Iron
15. In which society did women enjoy the most freedom and opportunity? * Egypt
16. In tribes which, as early as 3000 BCE, began to spread their language and agricultural techniques throughout Africa were the * Bantu
17. The Chinese philosophy that promoted strict social and political control was * Legalism
18. Social distinctions in Early River Valley civilizations were * Less pronounced than in Neolithic
19. By spreading their language across a huge stretch of Africa, the Bantu played a role similar to that played by * Indo-Europeans
20. The Bantu probably began their migrations because of
* Population pressures
21. Much of the early Harappan history remains a mystery because * The archeological remains are under water
22. The biggest military advantages of the Indo-Europeans was * Their horses
23. Most of our information about the early Aryans comes from the * Vedas
24. Correct groupings of early societies and their rivers * Mesopotamia – Tigris & Euphrates; Egypt – Nile; Harappan – Indus; China – Huang He 25. Harappan society
* Most of their houses featured private showers and toilets * They traded extensively with the Mesopotamians
* They had social distinctions
* They produced representational art
26. Group that retained much more influence on family structure in China than in other early civilizations * The extended family
27. The Chinese concept of the “Mandate of Heaven” was sometimes used to justify * Rebellion
28. Early China enjoyed lasting direct long-distance trade with * None
29. Ritual bloodletting was crucial to Maya rituals because * It was associated with rain & agriculture
30. The most characteristic artistic creation of the Olmecs were * Colossal human heads sculpted with basalt
31. The Aryans affected the Indian sub-continent by
* A common written language
* Adding race to the caste system
* Establishing the Silk Road trade
* Advanced use of technology
32. Which of the following mathematical concepts, essential for...
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