Ap World History Summer Work Vocabulary

Topics: Neolithic, Roman Empire, Middle Ages Pages: 7 (2649 words) Published: September 3, 2012
Paleolithic Age: The period of Stone Age associated with the evolution of humans. Predates the Neolithic period. Neolithic Age: The period of the Stone Age associated with the ancient Agricultural Revolution(s). Follows by Paleolithic period. Foragers: People who support themselves by hunting wild animals & gathering wild edible plants & insects. Agricultural Revolution: The change from food gathering to food production that occurred between ca. 8000 & 2000 B.C.E (also known as Neolithic Revolution). Megaliths: Structures & complexes of very large stones constructed for ceremonial & religious purposes in Neolithic times. Hammurabi: Amorite ruler of Babylon (r. 1792-1750 B.C.E). he conquered many city-states in southern & northern Mesopotamia & is best known for a code of laws, inscribed on a black stone pillar, illustrating the principles to be used in legal cases. Ziggurat: a massive pyramidal stepped tower made of mud bricks. It is associated with religious complexes in ancient Mesopotamian cities, but its function is unknown. Cuneiform: a system of writing in which wedge-shaped symbols represented words or syllables. composed of slim triangular or wedge-shaped elements, as the characters used in writing by the ancient Akkadians, Assyrians, Babylonians, Persians, & others. Hieroglyphics: a system of writing in which pictorial symbols represented sounds, symbols, or concepts. Used for official & monumental inscriptions in ancient Egypt. Mandate of Heaven: Chinese religion & political ideology developed by the Zhou, according to which it was the prerogative of Heaven, the chief deity, to grant power to the ruler of China & to take away the power of the ruler failed to conduct himself justly & in the best interest of his subjects. Daoism: Chinese school of thought, originating in the Warring State Period with Laozi (604-531 B.C.E) Iron Age: Historians’ term for the period during which iron was the primary metal for tools & weapons. Diaspora: A Greek word meaning “dispersal” used to describe the communities of a given ethnic group living outside their homeland. Zoroastrianism: an Iranian religion, founded c600 B.C. by Zoroaster, the principal beliefs of which are in the existence of a supreme deity, Ahura Mazda, & in a cosmic struggle between a spirit of good, Spenta Mainyu, & a spirit of evil, Angra Mainyu. Hoplites: heavily armored Greek infantryman of the Archaic & classical periods who fought in the close-packed phalanx formation. Trireme: a galley with three rows or tiers of oars on each side, one above another, used chiefly as a warship. Hellenistic Age: The period from the death of Alexander the Great in 323 B.C. to the middle of the first century B.C. Pax Romana: “Roman peace”. It connoted the stability & prosperity that Roman rule brought to the lands of the Roman Empire in the first two centuries. Confucius & doctrine: Western name for the Chinese philosopher Kongzi. His doctrine of duty & public service had great influence on subsequent Chinese tought & served as a code of conduct for government officials. Buddha: any of a series of teachers in Buddhism, of whom Gautama was the last, who bring enlightenment & wisdom. Jainism: a dualistic religion founded in the 6th century b.c. as a revolt against current Hinduism & emphasizing the perfectibility of human nature & liberation of the soul, especially through asceticism & nonviolence toward all living creatures. Hinduism: the common religion of India, based upon the religion of the original Aryan settlers as expounded & evolved in the Vedas, the Upanishads, the Bhagavad-Gita, etc., having an extremely diversified character with many schools of philosophy & theology, many popular cults, & a large pantheon symbolizing the many attributes of a single god. Buddhism & Jainism are outside the Hindu tradition but are regarded as related religions. Karma: (Hinduism, Buddhism). Action, seen as bringing upon oneself inevitable results, good or bad, either in this life or...
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • AP world history Essay
  • AP World History DBQ Essay
  • AP World History Summer Reading Essay
  • AP World Essay
  • AP World History DBQ: Mongols Essay
  • Ap World History Summer Assignment Essay
  • AP World History ch.5 Essay
  • Ap World History 600c.E Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free