Ap Human Geography Midterm Study Guide


Demographic Transition Model:

Current Global Migration Patterns

Matching Terms!
Scale: The ratio between the distance on the map and the distance on the Earth’s actual surface Spatial: Pertaining to space on the Earth’s surface
Anthropogenic: Human-induced changes on the natural environment Idiographic: A special place in one specific area
Connectivity: The degree of economic, social, cultural or political connection between two places (NYC/LA vs. NYC/Woodbridge) Contagious diffusion: Spread through direct contact between a person or a place with nearly everyone affected. Hierarchical diffusion: Spread first through the most connected/similar places or between those most susceptible (AIDS, HipHop) Relocation diffusion: Spread through migration and immigration Stimulus diffusion: A cultural adaptation is created as a result of diffusion. Demography: The study of human populations

Cohort: A population group unified by specified common characteristics Ecumene: An inhabited place
Homeostasis Plateau: population reaches carrying capacity
Total Fertility Rate: The average number of children born each woman over her lifetime Natural Rate of increase: CBR-CDR
Arithmetic Density: Number of people DIVIDED BY total land area
Physiological Density: Number of people DIVIDED BY total amount of arable land
Vernacular: Nonstandard language or dialect adopted by a social group
Dialect: Regional variations of a dominant language
Pidgin: A language with a small vocabulary and simple syntax derived from two or more languages used between two people who speak different languages
Creole: A complete language that began as pidgin but is now a narrative language in a region
Antecedent boundary: Drawn before an area is well populated
Subsequent boundary: Draw after an area has been settled
Superimposed Boundary: Forced on an existing cultural landscape, Country, or People by a conquering or...
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