XI. Chapter 11 Industry
There are many examples of US companies moving their industrial plants from the United States to China. Bicycles were built in the US for over 100 years by the year 2000 they were all built in China. The reason the price was $80 when it was built in US, and $40 when Bill in China. Price is more important to US consumer that where the product is manufactured. 20 years ago industry was highly clustered in a handful of areas within the MDC's. Now industry has confused many countries and many LDCs.
The US has lost one third of its fracturing jobs in the first decade of the 21st century. Government officials everywhere understand the powerful role of industry in the Economic health of the community. With globalization the competition to attract new industries aren't many places keep them pens on distinctive location characteristics. Geographers call this local diversity.
A. Key Issue 1 – Where is Industry Distributed?
Industry means the manufacturing of goods in a factory.
This thought originated in northern England and southern Scotland during the second half of the 18th century. From this hearth industry defused in the 19th century to Europe to North America & 20th century to other regions. i. Origins of Industry
Industrial Revolution was a series of improvements in the industrial technology to transform the process of manufacturing goods. People who made household goods or tools in their own homes or village is known as a cottage industry system. Industrial Revolution was more than just transforming industry it resulted in new social economic and political inventions. The changes involve gradual diffusion of new ideas and technology over decades. Industrial Revolution started in the United Kingdom and the late 1700s. Most important invention in the development of the factory was the steam engine patent in 1769 by James Watt the maker of mathematical instruments Glascow Scotland. The industries impacted by the Industrial Revolution included 1 Iron
The first industry to benefit from Watt steam engine was the iron industry the steam engine allowed the iron ovens to be constantly heated which made making iron much easier. 2 Coal
The source of the energy to operate the iron ovens was steam engines but Cole provided the energy would was the main energy source prior to the Industrial Revolution. Coal also used in the actual production of iron creating a mixture called Cook which was rich in iron and allowed for a much finer grade of iron. 3 Transportation
Steam engines enabled the railroads to bring the big bulky raw materials such as iron ore and coal from the minds to the factories and after the goods were built from the factories to the consumers. 4 Textiles
Prior to the Industrial Revolution textiles was a cottage industry. In 1786 Richard Ark write a barber in would maker in England invented a machine to untangle cotton thread prior to spending. Too large to fit so the cottage the spinning frames replaced inside factories the initial invention was powered by water mills hence they were known as textile mills. 5 Chemicals.
The chemical is industry was created to bleach and die the cloth the textiles. 6 Food processing
He was essential to feed the factory workers no longer living on farms a French baker started carrying food glass bottles and sterilize the boiling water. B. Industrial Regions
Industry is concentrated in three of the nine worlds regions discussed in Chapter 9 Europe North America and East Asia each of these three regions account for roughly ¼ of the world's total industrial output outside of these regions other countries are Brazil and India. i. Europe's Industrial Areas
Europeans industrial areas since emerged in the 19th century and early 20th century mostly located in Western Europe. Western Germany extending northward to United Kingdom and southward to Italy and France. 1 United Kingdom
Dominated the world's production of steel and textiles during the 19th...
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