Chapter 24 Key Terms
1. Positivism- a philosophy of human intellectual development that culminated in science. In The Positive Philosophy Comte argued that human thought had developed in three stages: Theological, metaphysical, and positive. 2. Natural selection- The principal of survival of the fittest. It was naturalistic and mechanistic, requiring no guiding mind behind the development in organic nature. Contradicted with Biblical story of creation. 3. Social Darwinism- The application of Darwin’s concept of “the survival of the fittest” to explain evolution in nature to human social relationships. 4. Kulturkampf- meaning the “battle of culture”. The conflict between the Roman Catholic Church and the government of the German Empire in the 1870’s. 5. papal infallibility- the doctrine that the pope is infallible when pronouncing officially in his capacity as a head of the church on matters of faith and morals, enumerated by the First Vatican Church in 1870. 6. Werner Heisenberg- uncertainty principle (All physical laws are based on uncertainty) 7. Henrik Ibsen- Norwegian playwright, carried realism into the theater. Did not view women as the "angel of the house." 8. realism The style of art and literature that seeks to depict the physical world and human life with scientific objectivity and detached observation. 9. Modernism- The movement in the arts and literature in the late nineteenth and easily twentieth centuries to create new aesthetic forms and to elevate the aesthetic experience of a work of art above the attempt to portray reality as accurately as possible. 10. Keynesian economics- Theory based on the principles of John Maynard Keynes, stating that government spending should increase during business slumps and be curbed during booms. 11. Virginia Woolf- A Roof of One's Own Written by Virginia Woolf. In this work, she spoke of the difficulties that women encounter in being taken seriously as writers. 12....
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