Anthropology Notes

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Anth 100 Sept 15 2010

Galileo
• Telescope + objectification
o Not just the vision to outer space, but you could also look back on us o Previous the only way to explain supernatural things was from the bible, when your trying to look at planets with an telescope you explain them as objects not as supernatural. o That being said the idea of looking back at the earth would be looking at everything as an object: thus objectifying everything o Saying there is universal laws that justify everything the entire social structure of god, pope, church would be changed, there was now more

Francis Bacon 1561
• Describes that everything is their own object and you can understand what they do • Idol Market place: are the misperceptions are the results of redirect and gossip • Idol of the theatre: are the mistaken belief systems, transmitted from one generation to the next through superstition ritual • Idol of the school: the notion that there is an abstract principle that perceives understanding of the world • “We need to observe things in there pure truth”

• Knowledge system that is not attached to a belief a religion

• Idols of the Tribe are deceptive beliefs inherent in the mind of man, and therefore belonging to the whole of the human race. They are abstractions in error arising from common tendencies to exaggeration, distortion, and disproportion. Thus men gazing at the stars perceive the order of the world, but are not content merely to contemplate or record that which is seen. They extend their opinions, investing the starry heavens with innumerable imaginary qualities. In a short time these imaginings gain dignity and are mingled with the facts until the compounds become inseparable. This may explain Bacon's epitaph which is said to be a summary of his whole method. It reads, "Let all compounds be dissolved."

• Idols of the Cave are those which arise within the mind of the...
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