Ancient Egypt-Mesopotamia

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Ancient Egypt-Mesopotamia

By | December 2011
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MIDTERM STUDY LIST

Neolithic (Agricultural) Revolution- The Neolithic Revolution was the first agricultural revolution. It was the transition from hunting and gathering to agriculture and settlement. Archaeological data indicates that various forms of plant and animal domestication evolved independently in 6 separate locations worldwide circa 10,000–7000 years BP (8,000–5,000 BC). The earliest known evidence exists in the tropical and subtropical areas of southwestern/southern Asia, northern/central Africa and Central America.[1]

However, the Neolithic Revolution involved far more than the adoption of a limited set of food-producing techniques. During the next millennia it would transform the small and mobile groups of hunter-gatherers that had hitherto dominated human history into sedentary societies based in built-up villages and towns, which radically modified their natural environment by means of specialized food-crop cultivation. Neolethic

Jericho-where the most dramatic display of the transition temporary shelter to permanent shelter is displayed. Use of stone to make vessels. Introduction of Pottery/first example of pottery use. neolithic

Jarmo- first use of pottery, first evidence of domestication of animals. Neotlthic

Catal Huyuk-center of advanced culture during neolethic period. Buried dead in the village, some skulls were painted, suggest that they were used for rituals, neolithic

Manetho- Egyptian priest of the sun god Ra. wrote the Egyptian dynasties

Mastaba-type of ancient Egyptian tomb in the form of a flat-roofed, rectangular structure with outward sloping sides that marked the burial site of many eminent Egyptians of Egypt's ancient period. Mastabas were constructed out of mud-bricks or stone.

Hieroglyphic- formal writing system used by the ancient Egyptians that combined logographic and alphabetic elements. Egyptians used cursive hieroglyphs for religious literature on papyrus and wood.

Hieratic- refers to a cursive...

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