Amsco Review Book Chapter 10 Outline

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RB10 Outline

The Age of Jackson, 1824-1844

1. Jacksonian Democracy
a. Also known as the Age of the Common Man, the Era of Jacksonian Democracy was a period in US History during the presidency of Andrew Jackson. b. The Jacksonian democracy was built upon the following principals: i. voting rights should be extended to all white men ii. against government-granted monopolies (national banks) iii. laissez-faire economy

iv. two-party system w/ rising third-parties
v. elected offices
2. Jackson Versus Adams
a. Even though Andrew Jackson won the popular vote, John Quincy Adams won the election of 1824 with help from Henry Clay by using his influence in the House to provide Adams with enough votes to win. b. Adams alienated the followers of Jackson when he asked Congress about the things that completely contradicted the principals of the Jacksonian democracy. 3. The Presidency of Andrew Jackson

a. Jackson opposed raising the national debt and increasing federal spending, and vetoed more bills than all six previous presidents. b. The Peggy Eaton affair caused the resignation of most of Jackson’s cabinet and the controversy over it caused John Calhoun (the vice president) to resign as well. As a result, Martin Van Buren of New York was chosen to be the new vice president because of loyalty throughout the affair. c. The Indian Removal Act of 1830 forced Native Americans to leave their lands for the land-hungry colonists. d. Henry Clay tried to challenge Jackson with the bank-recharter bill but Jackson vetoed it, denouncing it as a private monopoly. This caused the reelection of Jackson over Clay in the election of 1832. 4. The Two-Party System

a. Supporters of Jackson (southerners, westerners, small farmers, urban workers) were known as Democrats; they favored: i. local rule
ii. limited...
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