Chapter Six: The Duel for North America
Coureus des bois French- Canadian fur trappers, "runners of the woods" Edict of Nantes - Issued in 1598 by the crown of France, it granted limited religious freedom to the French Protestants, and stopped religious wars between the Protestants and the Catholics. Quebec - Established by France in 1608 (Catholic) with large help of Samuel de Champlain, "Father of New France" Tried to convert Indians to Christianity and to save them from the fur trappers French Catholic Missionaries, notably the Jesuits Antoine Cadillac - Founded Detroit in 1701 to thwart English settlers from pushing into the Ohio Valley Robert de La Salle - Explored the Mississippi and Gulf basin, naming it Louisiana after King Louis XIV. The French planted several fortified posts in Mississippi and Louisiana to... block the Spanish on the Gulf of Mexico France's garden empire of North America due to the amount of grain produced here Illinois King William's War (1689-1697) and Queen Anne's War (1702-1713) Earliest battles among European powers for control of North America. Most battles fought between France, British Colonists, and French ally Spain. Peace terms signed at Utrecht Ended King William's War and Queen Anne's War in 1713. France and Spain were terribly beaten and Britain received Acadia, Newfoundland, and the Hudson Bay, as well as limited trading rights in Spanish America. The War of Jenkin's Ear - 1739 between the British and the Spaniards. Confined to the Carribean Sea and Georgia. This small battle became a war, and soon merged with the War of Austrian Succession in Europe, and became known as King George's War in America. Britain was able to capture the French fortress of Louisbourg. Peace Treaty of 1748 - Handed Louisbourg back to the French. New Englanders were angry: they had worked hard to capture it and Louisbourg was a "cocked pistol pointed at the heart of the American continent". Ohio Valley - Critical...
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