1. COLONIAL ENGLISH AMERICA
1.In 1606, the Virginia Company received a charter from King James I to make a settlement in the New World. 2.On May 24, 1607, about 100 English settlers disembarked from their ship and founded Jamestown. 3.Problems emerged including (a) the swampy site of Jamestown meant poor drinking water and mosquitoes causing malaria and yellow fever. (b) men wasted time looking for gold rather than doing useful tasks (digging wells, building shelter, planting crops), (c) there were zero women on the initial ship. 4.John Rolfe (married to Pocahontas) fixed wasted time with “no work no food” policy. 5.Rolfe and Poca brought back the new crop of tobacco to England, creating a huge fad. Tobacco destroyed land after a few years, increased desire for new land, more colonies. 6.Slavery was found in all the plantation colonies. The growth of cities was often stunted by forests. The establishment of schools and churches was difficult due to people being spread out. In the South, the crops were tobacco and rice, and some indigo in the tidewater region of SC. All the plantation colonies permitted some religious toleration. Confrontations with Native Americans were often. 7.In 1643, four colonies banded together to form the New England Confederation. It was almost all Puritan, It was weak, but still a notable milestone toward American unity. The colonies were basically allowed to be semiautonomous commonwealths (self-governing). Colonies included: Massachussetts, Plymouth, Connecticut, and New Haven. 8.New York, New Jersey, Delaware, and Pennsylvania: All had fertile soil and broad expanse of land. All except for Delaware exported lots of grain. The Susquehanna River tapped the fur trade of the interior, and the rivers were gentle. The middle colonies were the middle way between New England and the southern plantation states. Landholdings were generally intermediate in size. The middle colonies were more ethnically mixed than other colonies. 9.Southern colonies formed large plantations, colonies based primarily on agriculture went through the order of tobacco then cotton 10.Lost colony of Roanoke island- established 1585 by Sir Walter Raleigh. The colonists were lost
2. ROOTS OF AMERICAN REVOLUTION
•French and Indian War (7 Years War) was fought to obtain territory in the Ohio River Valley for the English Colonies. •However, after Britain won the war, they increased taxes on the colonies and prohibited colonists from settling the conquered territory oProclamation of 1763- no settling past the Appalachians.
oQuebec Act- Be politically and socially good to the conquered French. a.Sugar Act of 1764: first ever law ever passed by parliament for raising tax revenue in the colonies. •Colonists were also not given credit by the British for fighting in the war. They were considered a nuisance to the actual British soldiers •Colonists were were angered and felt disregarded by the British due to the Proclamation of 1763, the Quebec Act, and higher taxes. •They basically fought the war and were given no reward, they were actually penalized by the British government. •issue with unwarranted search & seizure is what ensured our right to refuse police invasion of homes •American people began forming their own committees to deal with Britain’s taxing: Stamp Tax Congress, Committees of Correspondence, 1st Continental Congress, and a 2-House Legislative Body had already been established •Atlantic Ocean separated the two countries: physically and spiritually separated •Mercantilism brutally handcuffed American trade, and once America was no longer salutarily neglected, enforcement of these laws (like the Navigation Act) forced the American economy to struggle in Britain’s grip •Until 1763 (George III had become king 3 years ago), America had been more independent from the mother colony •The French and Indian War debts, so increase taxes on Americans (who didn’t...