American History Study Guide

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History 2112 Study Guide
Test 1 Chapters 15-17
Chapter 15
1. Dawes Severalty Act – goals; Indian boarding schools (reasons for, children reaction to) 2. barbed wire – impact on ranchers
3. mining towns – victims of violence
4. Grangers – reasons for laws; members
5. Long drive – purpose
6. Mark Twain – themes in novels
7. Native Americans – Wounded Knee; Sand Creek Massacre; George Custer; Fort Laramie Treaty; reasons for U.S. violating treaties; impact of horses 8. “Exodusters” – who, where
9. “Buffalo Bill’s Wild West” – reasons for popularity 10. cowboys – origination of culture and traditions
11. transcontinental railroad – companies involved; starting points Chapter 16
1. Andrew Carnegie – “Gospel of Wealth”; business tactics; philanthropy; 2. American manufacturers before the Civil War
3. First big business in the U.S.
4. Women and children of the workforce – conditions, treatment, salary 5. American Federation of Labor – leader
6. Railroads up to 1900s – locations
7. Knights of Labor – differences from other labor unions 8. John D. Rockefeller – major industry; business model he invented 9. trusts – Americans’ reactions
10. Thomas Nast’s political cartoons – argued for
11. Horatio Alger stories – meaning
12. black women in the workforce
13. Social Darwinism – meaning
14. Vertical integration & Horizontal integration – explain each 15. Molly Maguires – who, what
Chapter 17
1. Eugene V. Debs – labor union affiliation, significant strikes 2. William Tweed – tactics used to influence votes
3. Public education – reasons for promotion; Pledge of Allegiance (purpose) 4. Immigrants after 1880 – origins
5. Election of 1896 – winner
6. Great Migration – who, why, where
7. Baseball cards – used to market what
8. “New Woman” – who
9. Settlement housing – what were they, founder
10. Election of 1892 – Populists’ nomination
11....
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