alchemy and knowledge notes

Topics: Alchemy, Science, Reason Pages: 3 (703 words) Published: April 27, 2014
Hpsc2100 essay 2 notes
WIKIPEDIA
Paracelsus was a physician and alchemist who made groundbreaking advances in the field of medicine Alchemy- the whole cosmos, that is the knowledge of all four elements Paracelsus believed in Aristotle’s concept of the four elements but he also introduced the idea that the cosmos is fashioned from three spiritual substances: the tria prima of mercury, sulfur and salt. Paracelsus pioneered the use of chemicals and minerals in medicine Diseases were caused by poisons brought here from the stars. But poisons were not necessarily something negative, in part because related substances interacted, in part because only the does determined if a substance was poisonous or not. Poisons could have beneficial medical effects Paracelsus viewed the universe as one coherent organism pervaded by a uniting lifegiving spirit, and this in its entirety, Man included, was ‘God’. His views put him at odds with the Church, for which there necessarily had to be a difference between the creator and the created.

OSTER
Alchemy means: to carry to its end something that has not yet been completed, to obtain the lead from the ore and to transform it into what it is made for

Paracelsus opposed scholastic physicians and medical authorities and emphasized the importance of practical knowledge. He thought that the physician must be a chemist and was accused of using poisons, when he used inorganic, particularly metallic elemnets in internal remedies Paracelsus applied his knowledge of astrological aspects to healing processes. In philosophia occulta, Paracelsus wrote that human beings have 2 kinds of spirits- one is form the heaven ,one form the nature, but they should follow their heavenly spirit in life. All diseases originate from salt, sulphur, mercury

Paracelsus believed that inivisible forces achieved their purpose through what he called ‘knowledge’, which is not of the observer but rather of the object observed. Knowledge therefore lies in...
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