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Air Transportation

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  • Feb. 2013
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Air Transportation

Air Transportation
Definition
Evolution of air transportation
Definition, terminologies and technological innovation
The aircraft, airways, airports, and other air transport infrastructure Airline services
Types of air transportation
Types of airlines and major carriers
Airlines and its impact on tourism
International and Philippine air transport regulatory agencies (DOTC, ATO, CAB, ICAO, IATA) Roles and importance of air transportation
Issues and concerns in air transportation
Important network and organization
I.

History

The first airlines
DELAG, Deutsche Luftschiffahrts-Aktiengesellschaft was the world’s first airline. It was founded on November 16, 1909 with government assistance, and operated airships manufactured by The Zeppelin Corporation. Its headquarters were in Frankfurt.(Note: Americans, such as Rufus Porter and Frederick Marriott, attempted to start airlines in the mid-19th century, focusing on the New York-California route. Those attempts foundered due to such mishaps as the aircraft catching fire and the aircraft being ripped apart by spectators.) The five oldest nondirigible airlines that still exist are Australia’s Qantas, Netherland’s KLM, Colombia’s Avianca, Czech Republic’s Czech Airlines and Mexico’s Mexicana. KLM first flew in May 1920 while Qantas (for the Queensland and Northern Territory Aerial Services Limited) was founded in Queensland, Australia in late 1920. U.S. Airline Industry

Early Development
Tony Jannus conducted the United States’ scheduled commercial airline flight on 1 January 1914 for the Saint Petersburg-routes, Braniff Airways, American Airlines, Delta Air Lines, United Airlines (originally a division of Boeing), Trans World Airlines, Northwest Airlines, and Eastern Air Lines, to name a few. Passenger service during the early 1920s was sporadic: most airlines at the time were focused on carrying bags of mail. In 1925, however, the Ford Motor Company bought out the Stout Aircraft...