Air Pollution

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STUDY GUIDE: OBJECTIVES
Chapters 17 and 18: Air Pollution and Global Climate Change

You will be quizzed on information provided on this handout. THIS IS NOT A HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT!!

VOCABULARY: see next page

A Word Wall must be made from one of these words (vocabulary list) for this Chapter's Quiz. Due on the date of the quiz.

OBJECTIVES:

1. Be familiar with material from all previous chapters.
2. How are primary and secondary pollutants different? Give an example of each. 3. What role is played by sunlight in the formation of photochemical smog? 4. What is the difference between natural sources of pollution and anthropogenic sources. Give an example of each. 5. Briefly explain why industrial smog has decreased in most developed countries. 6. Explain why temperature inversions occur frequently in Los Angeles. 7. Why is the city of Donora (Pa), infamous in the history of air pollution? 8. Describe the relationship that exists between the location of coal-buring power plants and the pH of precipitation in a given area. 9. At what level does the pH of soil and water become detrimental to the health of life forms. 10. What are some of the important indoor and outdoor pollutants. 11. What are some of the successes and failures of the various Clean Air Acts that have been passed in the United States?

Hippocampus http://www.hippocampus.org/HippoCampus/Earth%20Science You should watch and take notes on each of the following Hippocampus lessons.
The Atmosphere
- Earth’s Atmosphere
- Ozone
First Order Effects
- Ozone Destruction
- Methane Clathrates
- Climate Systems
Higher-Order Effects
- Global Warming
- Greenhouse Effects

Current Events Article: Read the assigned article (attached) . Hand write a summary (30-50 words) on the Current Events Summary Sheet (available from my web site). Bring both the article and your summary to class on the due date and be ready to discuss the important points/concepts/scientific principles.

LEGISLATION
1963 CLEAN AIR ACT: set emission standards for cars and limits for the release of air pollutants.

1987 MONTREAL PROTOCOL: banned the production of aerosols and initiated the phase out of all CFC's.

KYOTO PROTOCOL: agreement among 150 nations requiring greenhouse gas emission reduction

CHAPTER 17 & 18: Air Pollution and Global Climate Change
Vocabulary: You will have a vocabulary quiz on these terms. You may be required to provided examples for some terms. ALL quizzes and tests are comprehensive (cover material from throughout the year).

1-primary pollutants

2-secondary pollutants

3-photochemical smog

4-industrial smog

5-temperature inversion

6-acid deposition

7-sick-building syndrome

8-asbestos

9-emissions trading policy

10-cyclone separator

11-troposphere

12-stratosphere

13-VOC’s

Chapter 19

14- greenhouse effect

15- global warming

16- albedo

17- methane hydrates

NOTES
APES: Chapter 17 Air Pollution

17-1 The Atmosphere

What percentage of the atmosphere is located in the troposphere?

Although relatively thin it is sometimes referred to as the______________ __________.

Why is the stratosphere important?

There is now a large body of evidence suggesting __________ ____________ is responsible for an _____________ in unwanted ozone in the troposphere and its _______________in the stratosphere.

17-2 Outdoor Air Pollution

Define air pollution:

Give two examples of air pollution that result from natural sources:
1-
2-
What does it mean to say some pollutants come from anthropogenic sources?
Define Primary Pollutants:

Define secondary pollutants:

Although most air pollution is formed in urban areas, wind can spread long-lived pollutants into rural areas.

The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates more than ________ billion people live in urban areas where the air is unhealthy to breathe....
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