African History Study Guide

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IDs (Choice of 10, 4 points each)

Brazzaville Conference
-the move to Decolonization: the French case (after the fall of France during WWII) Charles de Gaulle recognized need to revise relationship between France and its colonies in Africa (conference arranged to bring political, social, and economic reforms) -created the Brazzaville Declaration (French Empire would remain the same/united, new colonial assemblies, citizens of colonies have equal rights, right to vote + parliamentary representative, reduction in economic exploitation)

Félix Houphouët-Boigny
-1st president of C d’lvoire. He played a leading role in the decolonization of Africa. He is associated with the “Ivorian Miracle” which was economic success in result of cocoa and coffee developments. Also known as “The Sage of Africa”. -1946: he formed the political party Rassemblement Démocratique Africain - the move to Decolonization: the French case

-1st president of Côte d’Ivoire (Ivory coast)
-sought to create unity in West Africa against the French
-advocated a nation-state model for decolonization and working toward independence
Sekou Touré
-1958: ultimatum by Charles de Gaulle (yes or no to stay with France) -the move to Decolonization: the french case
-only Guinea chose independence and left
-Sekou Touré was the important person who first embraced independence (1st president of Guinea) -this lead to 13 French African colonies to become independent in 1960
“Year of Africa”
-following Guinea’s independence, 13 French colonies became independent -Cote d’Ivoire, Mali, Senegal, Cameroon, Congo-Brazzaville, Gabon, Central African Republic, Chad, Mauritania, Togo, Burkina Faso, Niger, Benin - illustrates the domino effect of decolonization

-pressures of Algeria (the French were focussed on keeping Algeria)

Frantz Fanon

-Black psychiatrist from Martinique (French West Indies)
-The Wretched of the Earth (1961)
-Psychological oppression of colonialism required...
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