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Afghanistan

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Afghanistan

Geography/ Map
Afghanistan covers 251,773 square miles in central Asia. It is a country of mountains. It has a mountainous terrain and its climate is hot in the summertime, and bitterly cold in the wintertime. Because of the mountain range, there are different geographic regions known as: the Central Highlands, the Northern Plains, the Southwestern Plateau and the Eastern Highland Slopes. Hydro - electric power is the major source of energy. Kabul is the capital and largest city in Afghanistan.

Historical Background
Throughout history, the Greeks, Central Asians, and Persians have attempted to take control of this region. In the 7th Century - The Arab invasion introduced Islam. There were to Dynasties that ruled Syria and Iraq and spread Islam around the whole area. These Dynasties were Umayyid and Abbasid. Society

Afghan society is largely based on kinship groups. These groups follow traditional customs and religious practices. Family is very important in Afghan culture. Majority of marriages are arranged. Because of close bonds among extended family, marriage between second

and first cousin is common, as well as polygamy - this is allowed under Islam.

Education
Public education is fairly new in Afghanistan. In 1969 Afghan government legislated free, mandatory education. This was for children ages 7 to 15. Before this was set in place, schools did exist but families had to choose if they wanted their child to go to school or not. Under the Taliban rule, secular education did not exist. Boys would have religious education, but girls were forbidden education altogether. Following the fall of the Taliban, schools started to open their doors to both male and female. As of 2013, more than 10 million male and female students were enrolled in schools throughout Afghanistan. Even though there is progress being made, many obstacles are still in the way. Lack of funding, unsafe buildings, cultural norms that have been set in...