Peer support refers to some form of help given out by friends, colleagues, or family members when a person is doing something or is in need of something. It may be a need to learn a difficult subject in school, a need to be heard with personal problems, a need to learn a new task, or a need to be assisted in different things. Peer support could be in the form of teaching, assisting, counseling, or simply listening and either way it can provide these benefits: * When people need something or do something, for instance need help in a school subject or tasks, in new lesson or helping in different cases and so on, and their friends or relatives give s/he helps, that is peer support. It can be a teaching, helping, advising, or listening.
1. Boost confidence
Having people around that support a person in every concern or battle in life will definitely improve one’s confidence. Some people literally need a helping hand in solving a problem while others may be content of having friends around only when needed. Whether it’s a health problem, a schoolconcern, or an important decision to make at work, having support from peers will brighten one’s spirits.
2. Enhance skills
Support from peers could also benefit people in terms of improved motivation in any activity in life. Through words of encouragement or assistance from friends, one may also learn more and perhaps develop or enhance skills in doing certain things in life. * The help or support can make student think and learn more, thus it will develop or enhance their skills.
3. Improve well-being
With strong peer support, people’s emotional and mental well-being will also be boosted. Nothing beats having people to share life’s moments with, including all the ups and downs. In a happy moment, people would love to share these with others and this is also true during tough times in life. With peer support, life will have more value and meaning. Sometimes peer support is the main thing that makes a person become happy or complete. Life as they say is designed to be shared with other people around. With peer support, many people will basically become content, whether they are experiencing joy or pain.
Peer assessment can involve formative reviews to provide constructive feedback, as well as summative grading: it can also include student involvement in the setting of marking criteria and decisions about evidence of achievement. Self-assessment enables students to become reflective and self-managing, to identify next steps in learning and move forward ‘under their own steam’.
When these two strategies work well, the advantages are significant to all concerned and many of the identified issues can be addressed by:
* helping students to see the value and validity of these approaches * ensuring the reliability of student judgements
* maximising opportunities for students to learn from peer and self-assessment. Advantages
* Helps students to develop insight into their own performance by assessing the work of others. * Develops lifelong skills of evaluation and analysis.
* Supports independent and autonomous learning.
* Gives students a sense of ownership and thus increases motivation. * Treats assessment as part of learning, so mistakes are seen as opportunities rather than a sign of failure. * Uses external evaluation to provide a model for internal self-assessment of a student’s own learning (metacognition), encouraging deep, rather than surface, learning. * Promotes a ‘community of scholarship’.
* Reduces the amount of teacher assessment but improves the quality. * Time for reflection or discussion with a critical friend can help individuals to ‘stand back from’ their own work and make sense of others’ comments. * Increases students’ attentiveness for activities such as presentations or group performances by peers (when they are assessing...