Intro: [Who is he?.... is a Greek hero of the Trojan War, the central character and the greatest warrior of Homer's The Iliad. Achilles was the son of the nymph Thetis and Peleus, the king of the Myrmidons.]
Considered as the hero of the epic. [He possesses the characteristics of an epic hero, namely kleos,time`,menis, menos, and tisis. - When Agamemnon takes away his girl, Brisies, as a replacement for Crisises, burning with rage Achilles prays to Thetis, his Goddess mother, to convince Zeus to help the Trojans gain ground in the war, so that he may regain his honour. Thus, we can see that time` i.e. honour is very important for Achilles, like any other epic hero. -The most urgent need to perpetuate one’s status in the form of continuing fame after death i.e. kleos is also seen in Achilles. He says to Patroklos: ‘…do not press on without me to fight the war-loving Trojans-that will reduce my worth…’, meaning that he himself wanted to have the glory for sacking Ilium. - Achilles also possesses menos i.e. the force of onrushing energy that is manifested in swift physical and mental movement. Like any other epic hero, Achilles wield weapons too large and heavy; he alone had the skill to handle the huge, heavy and massive spear of Pelian ash which Cheiron, his teacher, had given to his father Peleus.
Anger of Achilles. Homer, instead of focusing on the whole Trojan war decides to focus on a single theme i.e. the menis or the anger of Achilles, announced in the very first line of the epic, The Iliad, which brings endless sufferings to his own side, and ultimately himself. His fight with Agamemnon over Brisies, the girl who Achilles considered as his honour; an honour chosen and given to him by the Greeks themselves and refusal to fight in the war consequently cause suffering to the Greek army. Indirectly, he brings grief to his people, and thus rightly the name Achilles. The name Achilles is made up from two words that...
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