Accounting Help

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Problem 1. Ortiz Manufacturing is considering developing and marketing one of two new products, A and B. It has accumulated the following information about the two products:

 

Required:
1) Which of these items are relevant to Ortiz's decision about which of these products it will launch?  The items that are relevant to Ortiz manufacturing’s decisions are; additional development costs, unit-level costs, batch-level costs and product live cycle. The two items that are irrelevant to the decision are the facility-level costs R&D costs. The reason that the research and development costs are irrelevant is because they are sunk costs. In addition, the facility-level costs are unavoidable; therefore, they are irrelevant.

Problem 2. Mae Lee owns a small retail store in Cairo, Georgia. The following summary information regarding expectations for the month of January is provided: As of December 31 there is $500 in the bank and the balance in accounts receivable is $2,500. Budgeted cash and credit sales for January are $3,000 and $2,000, respectively. Ninety percent of credit sales are collected in the month of sale and the remainder is collected in the following month. Mae's suppliers do not extend credit. Cash payments for January are expected to be $12,000. Mae has a line of credit that enables the store to borrow funds on demand. However, funds must be borrowed on the first day of the month and interest paid in cash on the last day of the month. Mae desires to maintain a $500 cash balance before consideration is given to the payment of interest. Mae's bank charges annual interest of 12% per year.

Required:

1) Compute the amount of funds that needs to be borrowed.
Beginning cash500
Cash receipts
Cash sales3,000
Receivable from Dec.2,500
Receivable during January (2000*90%)1,8007,300
Total cash available7,800
Less cash needed:
January payments12,000
Desired cash balance50012,500
Amount needs...
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