The Risk and Challenges of Human Cloning.
Now that a dog and a sheep has been cloned, can human cloning be that far behind? How is cloning important to future therapeutic medical advances, such as safe organ transplant? Human cloning research holds the answer to these questions. But still, the development of human cloning are slow and tough as it faces great challenges from the society that concern about moral and ethical abuse that the fallout of human cloning may produce. According to Elmer-Dewitt (1993)”A line had been crossed. A taboo broken. A Brave New World of cookie-cutter humans, baked and bred to order,seemed,if not just around the corner, then just over the horizon”. This citation shows how concern the author is about the development of human cloning. There are many challenges that present to curb the rapid development of human cloning. The challenges are, it is against certain religious perspective, threaten human ‘oneness’ and ethics, , against human moral perspective and restrictions imposed by the government.
The fundamental and core element of resistance against human cloning is the skeptical perspective of religious group around the world. To religious group, scientist attempts in human cloning are a blasphemous attempt by human to play god. These narrow-minded views on human cloning were based on the belief that human cloning development were solely researching on recreating another human being using unnatural method. According to Ranjbarian and Seyf( 2009)”Most of the world’s religious group took stances on the issue”. It means that the topic of human cloning is so sensitive that majority of religious group on the planet took interest on the subject. Contrary to popular belief, human cloning is not directly researching towards recreating other human being, those are Frankenstein fantasies. Early studies of human cloning were mostly about generating human stem cells and ways to provide safe organ transfer. But still, the concerns of these religious groups are not misplaced. According to Abul Fadl(2002), there are two main question that religious group have regarding human cloning. The question are “Does human cloning affects belief in God as the creator?” and “Will such an innovation undermine family relationship and responsibilities?” . If human cloning ever to become accomplished, it shall be in harmony with the ‘God’s Will’. The progress of human cloning will not in any possible ways challenging the belief that God as the ‘Ultimate Creator’ because the crucial and prime material use in human cloning such as somatic cells and unfertilized egg were initially the creation of God.
For the second question, it is the core principal in any religion to uphold marriage and family as a sacred and the most fundamental of institution. Child born in marriage hold the genetic of their parents and that is the element that gives them their identity. The genetic-replication are afraid by many religious group to inflicts damage upon marital and child-parent relationship and thus, will end the purity of the family institution. While it is true that human cloning will solve infertility issue, we also have to consider the fact that 277 attempts were done by Ian Wilmut before they finally succeed in cloning Dolly the Sheep. Human being, which without a doubt will have much more complicated gene compare to a sheep will surely needed more attempts before accomplish something. This will indubitably follow-on with a lot of death and miscarriage which cause a major moral issue.
Mankind has always been distinguished with one another by unique physical and personality. Many afraid that human cloning will threaten this uniqueness and abuse the ethical rights of human being. Annas (1998) states that the ‘uniqueness’ of every human, something that is important to mankind will be lost through human cloning. It means that the genetic duplication of...