Abnormal Psychology

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s) : 147
  • Published : December 3, 2012
Open Document
Text Preview
ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY
* The scientific study of mental or behavioral disorders, diseases, illnesses, dysfunctions, abnormalities or problems. Deviance/Unusual – Impaired functioning with respect to expected performance (Danger to self and others) ELEMENTS OF ABNORMALITY

DevianceIrrationality
DistressObserver discomfort
DangerViolation of moral and ideal standard
HISTORICAL VIEWS OF ABNORMAL BEHAVIOR
* Pendulum between supernatural and natural (scientific) explanations GREEK AND ROMAN ERA
Hippocrates – Mental disorders have biological causes, just like physical illness Humoral Theory – The body is composed of four fluids: Diseases develop as a result of an imbalance * Opened the way for medical involvement in the treatment of mental and behavioral disorders Cicero, Roman Philosopher – Mental disorder are just extreme cases of normal personal and emotional characteristic Witchcraft and Demonology (Supernatural) - Possessions and exorcism Modern Scientific view (Natural) – Humane treatment of the mentally ill ABNORMALITY DISORDERS

1. Anxiety Disorders – The major characteristic or is experienced when one tries to control maladaptive behaviors a. General Anxiety or Panic Disorders
Different views:

Psychoanalysts – Trace anxiety disorders unresolved conflicts Behavioral Theorists – Anxiety is a response to the external environment Cognitive Theorists – People over estimate the degree of harm E.g: She experienced airplane crash, that’s why when she sees airplanes, she gets scared. b. Panic Attack

Some symptoms:

Palpitation Trembling
Losing controlShortness of breath
As if going crazyFear of dying

c. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
- Shows perfectionism that interferes with task completion
- Preoccupied with details, rules, lists, order, organization - Shows rigidity and stubborness
E.g: Is unable to complete a project because his or her own overly stricts standards are not met – RITUALS d. Specific Phobias
- Associated with...
tracking img