Abnormal Behavior

Topics: Schizophrenia, Bipolar disorder, Cognitive behavioral therapy Pages: 12 (2250 words) Published: December 16, 2012
hPsychological Disorders and Approaches to Treatment
APSS 111 Teaching Team

What is Abnormal Behavior?
• Some leading definitions about what is considered abnormal: • Deviance  »Deviate from normative behaviors in our society / culture • Maladaptive Behavior  »Impair the person’s normal functioning  • Personal Distress • A continuum  perspective to  understanding  abnormality

Classification of Psychological Disorders
• Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders – 4th Ed.  (Text Revision) (DSM IV‐TR)

• To assist mental health professionals in the determination  of who does and who does not suffer from a mental  illness • DSM‐V is scheduled to be released in 2013 

The DSM‐IV TR Multi‐axial Diagnostic System
Global  Assessment of  Functioning  (GAF) Psychosocial /  Environmental  Factors Physical  Disorders Personality  Disorders

Clinical  Disorders

The DSM‐IV TR Multi‐axial  Diagnostic System
• Axis I – Clinical Disorders • Axis II – Personality Disorders and  Intellectual Disabilities • Axis III – General Medical Conditions • Axis IV – Psychosocial and Environmental  Problems • Axis V – Global Assessment of Functioning

The DSM‐IV TR Multi‐axial Diagnostic System
Axis I 
Clinical syndromes: Disorders  Factitious Disorder Usually First Diagnosed in Infancy,  Childhood, or Adolescence Delirium, Dementia, Amnestic and  Dissociative Disorders other Cognitive Disorders Substance‐related Disorders Sexual and Gender identity  Disorders Schizophrenia and Other Psychotic Eating Disorders Disorders Mood Disorders Sleep Disorders Anxiety Disorders Somatoform Disorders Impulse Control Disorders Not  Elsewhere Classified Adjustment Disorders

Axis II 

Axis III 

Intellectual  General Medical  Disabilities  Conditions (Mental  Retardation) Personality Disorders

The DSM‐IV TR Multi‐axial Diagnostic System: Axis IV Psychosocial and Environmental Problems Problems with Primary  Support Group Problems related to the  Social Environment Educational problem Economic problem Problems with access to  Health Care Services Problems related to  interaction with the Legal  System / Crime Other Psychosocial and  Environmental problems

Occupational problem Housing problem

The DSM‐IV TR Multi‐axial Diagnostic System: Axis V Global Assessment of Functioning • To complement the clinical judgment of disorders  in Axis I‐III • Refers to general level of functioning • Scaling: 0‐100 points into 10 ranges • Variants: GAF (Adult) / CGAS (Children's Global  Assessment Scale) • GAF = 60 => Infer moderate difficulty in social and  occupational functioning • Can also report the time period that the rating  encompasses: – Current, highest over past year, at the time of hospital  admission, at discharge

Axis I Clinical Disorders
• Anxiety Disorders (e.g. GAD, Panic Disorder,  OCD) • Somatoform Disorders (e.g. Conversion  Disorder, Somatization Disorder) • Dissociative Disorders (e.g. Dissociative  Amnesia, Dissociative Identity Disorder) • Mood Disorders (e.g. Depression, Bipolar  Disorder) • Schizophrenic Disorders

Anxiety Disorders
Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) • High levels of anxiety & excessive worry over major & minor life  circumstances, difficulties in concentrating, &  signs of motor  tension • Genes may be involved in causing abnormalities in the amygdala &  the prefrontal cortex

Anxiety Disorders
Phobias Specific phobia  • An exaggerated, unrealistic fear of a specific situation, activity, or  object Social phobia • Individuals become extremely anxious in situations in which they  will be observed by others ‐ eating in a restaurant, speaking in  public, having to perform for an audience Agoraphobia • A set of phobias, often set off by a panic attack, involving the basic  fear of being away from a safe place or person

Anxiety Disorders
Panic Disorder • An anxiety disorder in which a person experiences recurring panic  attacks •...
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Abnormal Psych Paper
  • Abnormal Behavior Study Guide Essay
  • Essay about Abnormal Behavior. Abnormal Psychology
  • Essentials of Abnormal Psychology-Chapter 12 Essay
  • Abnormal Behaviors Essay
  • Models of Abnormal Behavours Essay
  • Abnormal Psychology Essay
  • Abnormal Behavior Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free