13 Colonies

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Virginia
Founding Date: 1607
Region: Southern Colony
Founders: John Smith, John Rolfe & Thomas Dale
Reason for founding: Search for gold, English outpost against Spain Characteristics/laws: Jamestown was the main town that was establish because of England’s desire for wealth and converting the Natives to Christianity. Majority of the population was English. Environment: Very warm climate, which was beneficial to the colonists because they didn’t have to worry about the harsh winters. Contrary, the weather also had negative effects because the heat carried fatal diseases. The Southern Colonies were hilly with vast forests and farmland. Economy: Tobacco, agriculture (wheat and corn)

Labor:
Religion: Mandated worship in the Anglican Church and were not tolerant of any non-Christian religion

New Hampshire
Founding Date: 1623
Region: New England Colony
Founders: John Mason, Benning Wentworth, John Wentworth & John Wheelwright Reason for founding: Profit from trade and fishing
Characteristics/laws:
Environment: Colder climate than the other two regions, which resulted in many deaths from harsh winters. The environment also provided a positive factor in preventing diseases from entering their colony. Their land consisted of hills covered with rocky soil. Economy: Trade, fishing

Labor:
Religion: Puritan (no religious freedom or tolerance)

Massachusetts
Founding Date: 1620
Region: New England Colony
Founders: Separatists-Puritans
Reason for founding: Escape religious persecution, establish a Puritan society Characteristics/laws:
Environment: Colder climate than the other two regions, which resulted in many deaths from harsh winters. The environment also provided a positive factor in preventing diseases from entering their colony. Their land consisted of hills covered with rocky soil. Economy: fishing, lumber, shipbuilding, triangular trade, rum, whaling Labor:

Religion: Puritan (no religious freedom or tolerance)

New York
Founding Date: 1664 or 1624
Region: Middle Colony
Founders: Duke of York
Reason for founding: Expansion, trade
Characteristics/laws:
Environment: With a moderate climate year round, especially in the wintertime, it made for beneficial crop seasons. Land was made up of a mix of flatland and hills with fertile soil throughout. Economy: wheat, milling, lumbers, furs, sugar, ship building, trade Labor:

Religion: Mixed b/c of diversity in population and religious tolerance/freedom

Maryland
Founding Date: 1632
Region: Southern Colony
Founders: George Calvert (also known as Lord Baltimore)
Reason for founding: establish a Catholic society, escape religious persecution Characteristics/laws:
Environment: Very warm climate, which was beneficial to the colonists because they didn’t have to worry about the harsh winters. Contrary, the weather also had negative effects because the heat carried fatal diseases. The Southern Colonies were hilly with vast forests and farmland. Economy: tobacco

Labor:
Religion: mainly Catholics of England, but also mixed b/c of religious tolerance and freedom

Rhode Island
Founding Date: 1636
Region: New England Colony
Founders: Roger Williams
Reason for founding: escape religious persecution of the Massachusetts Bay area Characteristics/laws:
Environment: Colder climate than the other two regions, which resulted in many deaths from harsh winters. The environment also provided a positive factor in preventing diseases from entering their colony. Their land consisted of hills covered with rocky soil. Economy: shipping, livestock, agriculture

Labor:
Religion: Large amount of religious tolerance and freedom

Connecticut
Founding Date: 1634
Region: New England Colony
Founders: Thomas Hooker & Mass. colonists
Reason for founding: Establish a Puritan society and new fur trade route Characteristics/laws:
Environment: Colder climate than the other two regions, which resulted in many deaths from harsh winters. The environment...
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